Freedom, self-rule and the moral systems that support it are essential ingredients in any successful functioning democracy or constitutional republic. One of the best moral frameworks for supporting freedom is ancient Roman stoicism as promoted by the ancient Roman statesman, philosopher, orator, rhetorician, lawyer, quaestor, aedile, praetor, consul, member of the Senate and finally martyr, Cicero. Cicero basically invented in the first century B.C. what is called "middle stoicism", a more practical (and very Roman) version of older Greek stoicism. You can find beautiful renditions of this philosophy in a compilation of some of Cicero's writings translated by Michael Grant in a book called "On The Good Life". In this book, the chapter, "Discussions at Tusculum" and the two chapters, "On Duties" Cicero gives great logical arguments supporting the morality necessary for functional freedom to occur.
Too much freedom (doing whatever you want) is guaranteed to destroy all freedom. Twenty five hundred years ago Plato outlined the process by which this occurs: He said, "Too much freedom destroys all freedom. It does so in this way: Too much freedom creates disrespect", (Fathers not respecting their sons, sons not respecting their fathers, neighbors not respecting neighbors, people not respecting the government and government not respecting the people). Plato continued, "Too much disrespect creates a tyrant", (to restore order in the ensuing chaos). Plato then concludes, "The tyrant destroys all freedom". Look around and you will see this process happening today. We are all in great danger! So how to avoid and reverse this chaos? The framework is straightforward; If you don't rule yourself someone else will! So one must be one's own tyrant (the most freedom a human is qualified to have)! This is much better than someone else being your tyrant which is the only alternative. One of the best ways to be your own tyrant is to follow middle stoic philosophy and morality as described above. Self-rule and ruling yourself go hand in hand.
"On The Good Life" provides such great logical arguments for being moral that I think it should be required reading for everyone in our culture. Cicero used to be well read in academia but for the last hundred years or so he has fallen out of favor only to be replaced by a so called "liberal-progressive" (anti-god, anti-constitutional) "politically correct" philosophy. This philosophy fancies itself as being more scientific but in reality it is something quite nasty and is filled with amorality, dishonesty, conceit, elitism, lies and fascist thinking! It has fueled the rise of fascism, communism and nazism, and a whole host of anti-constitutional initiatives beginning with President Woodrow Wilson, all in the name of progress!
It is no wonder we see so much chaos in our world and it is getting worse. There are some monotheistic/fascist philosophies that don't think man even can rule himself, that he must be ruled by God. That is a very pernicious belief for the only way they put that into practice is to have some other human or group of humans usurping the role of God by "interpreting God's will" and ruling others themselves by "enforcing God's law" (thinking they are in the service of God no doubt). Here's the kicker: If man is incapable of ruling himself then certainly no man is qualified to rule others and thus these anti-freedom, monotheistic/fascist philosophies as put into practice must be and are negating themselves and end up supporting even more violence than they think they are preventing. This would make me laugh if it weren't so seriously dangerous, insane, stupid and wrong.
So what we have here are philosophies both to the left and right of the philosophy supporting constitutional republics and freedom. These other philosophies are constantly trying to diminish or destroy constitutional republics and the freedoms associated with them. If we cherish and want to preserve our great enlightened freedoms then we must be vigilant and vigorously oppose any anti-constitutional/anti-freedom philosophies and any attempts to implement them.